There are emotional wounds that we experience for being a part of an oppressed racial ethnic group. Some of these wounds include the ways in which our parents and their parents were harmed and traumatized by racist policies and practices, such as being denied the right to vote, being forced to attend assimilation schools, or being denied citizenship. These also include deep wounds that our ancestors experienced including broken treaties, stolen lands, enslavement, colonization, exploitation, internment camps, and the attempted erasure of these histories from public memory. Radical healing focuses on resisting oppression while also envisioning liberation.